Standard Oil Development Co Of NJ

Also Known As: Bayway, Pilot Plant, Exxon Research and Engineering at Linden, Exxon Chemical Company at Bayway
State: New Jersey
Location: Linden; Bayway
Time Period: AWE 1942-1945; Residual Radiation 1946-1991
Facility Type: Atomic Weapons Employer

Facility Description

Standard Oil locations at both 1900 East Linden Avenue (Linden) and the property at 1400 Park Avenue (Bayway) performed a variety of tasks for the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) during World War II. The company was contracted to obtain materials for work being done by the Metallurgical Laboratories of the MED. It also conducted studies and performed development work to produce uranium metal through chemical reduction processes and to construct and operate a centrifuge pilot plant foruranium separation.

The company continued to provide consulting and analytical services for the Atomic Energy Commission, but it is not believed that any radioactive materials were handled at either location after World War II (1945).

During the period of residual contamination, as designated by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and as noted in the dates above, employees of subsequent owners and operators of this facility are also covered under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act.


Standard Oil Development Co of NJ is listed as an Atomic Weapons Employer (AWE) site under the EEOICPA.

Special Exposure Cohort (SEC) Classes

All AWE employees of the Standard Oil Development Company in Linden, New Jersey, during the period from August 13, 1942 through December 31, 1945, while working for a number of work days aggregating at least 250 work days, either solely under this employment or in combination with work days within the parameters established for one or more other classes of employees in the SEC.

Petitions Qualified for Evaluation

Location: Linden, New Jersey
Job Titles and/or Job Duties: All employees
Period of Employment: August 1, 1942 through December 31, 1963


As of 08/10/2015, the total compensation paid under Part B of the EEOICPA, including medical compensation, for workers suffering from the effects of having worked at the Standard Oil Development Co. of NJ is $300,000.

Standard Oil Development Co. of NJ Workers

If you or your parent worked at this or any other AWE facility and became ill, you may be entitled to compensation of up to $150K plus medical benefits from the US Department of Labor. Call EEOICPA Counsel Hugh Stephens at 1-855-EEOICPA (336-4272) or fill out the form to the right, whether your claim has been accepted or denied.

We can help with all OWCP (Federal Workers Compensation) claims, impairments, wage loss and health care. 2495 Main Street, Suite 442 Buffalo, NY 14214.

Site Function

In the spring of 1942, Standard Oil Development Company (SODC) was contracted to be in charge of obtaining materials for work being done by the Metallurgical Laboratories and subsequently the MED. SODC played a major role in coordinating the supply of uranium oxides from Canada and was instrumental in arrangements for the purchase of pitchblende ores from African Metals.

During.the early 1940’s, SODC was under contract with the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) (Contracts # OEMsr-290 and OEMsr-688) for studies and development work toward preparation of metallic uranium by reduction of a uranium-chloride with sodium. During the same period SODC became involved in studies on the use of centrifuges for theupper stage of a separation plant that led to three contracts with OSRD. Contract #OEMsr-567 was for the construction of a centrifuge pilot plant. Contract #OEMsr-925 was for operation of the pilot plant. Contract #OEMsr-926 covered a number of miscellaneous items such as engineering studies on various projects and coordination work on the centrifuge project. The pilot plant was constructed at SODC’s (now Exxon’s) Bayway, New Jersey, facility. The period of operation of the plant is unknown. However, records dated July 1945 indicate that theplant was dismantled, decontaminated and stored at a part of the facility leased to OSRD.

Standard Oil Development Company continued support to AEC’s Raw Materials Division under Contract AT(30-3) Gen 3, primarily for consultant services,and Contract #W-7418.Eng 106. Work under the latter contract is believed to have included experimental/ developmental related to the REDOX Process which continued at the Bayway facility, probably into the early 1950’s.

Standard Oil Development Company was among the participating research institutions associated with work done by Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Site Description

No records have been found that would provide descriptions of the facilities in Linden or Bayway, New Jersey. Telephone contact with Exxon personnel at these facilities indicate that laboratory facilities inLinden are currently occupied. The facilities at the Bayway plant used to support MED/AEC programs have probably been torn down. Maps of the area and of the Linden facility are attached.

Owner History

The property and facilities in Linden, NJ, are occupied by Exxon Research and Engineering Company. The property at Bayway, NJ, is occupied by an Exxon refinery operation.



NIOSH Petition Evaluation Reports:

Petition 129 (Aug 1, 1942 to Dec 31, 1963)
SEC Petition Evaluation Report, Petition SEC-00129, Rev #:0
Report Submittal Date: March 17, 2009

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If you or your parent worked any of the DOE or AWE facilities listed on this website and became ill, you may be entitled to compensation of up to $400K plus medical benefits from the US Department of Labor.

Call EEOICPA Counsel Hugh Stephens at 1-800-548-4494, email, or fill out the form below whether or not you have already filed a claim and even if your claim has been accepted or denied.

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Contact Us

2495 Main Street, Suite 442
Buffalo, New York 14214

(716) 852-7590

(716) 852-7599

After Hours:
(716) 208-3525

Email Us:
R. William Stephens, Esq.
R. Hugh Stephens, Esq.
Lisa P. Neff, Esq.